forex trading from scratch
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TSV moving average is plotted as an oscillator. Four divergences are calculated for each indicator regular bearish, regular bullish, hidden bearish, and hidden bullish with three look-back periods high, mid, and small. For TSV, the The New York Stock

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Forex trading from scratch

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In other words, when the prices of stocks are falling. If a stock price falls deep and fast, it's considered very bearish. The opposite of a bear market is a bull market. When the stock market is experiencing a period of rising stock prices, we call it a Bear Market. An individual stock, as well as a sector, can also be called bullish or bearish.

A metric indicating the relationship between a stock's price relative to the whole market's movement. If a stock has a beta measuring 1. A broker is a person or company that helps facilitate your buying and selling of an instrument through their platform in the case of an online broker.

They usually charge a commission. The bid is the price traders are willing to pay per share. It is set against the ask price, which is the price sellers are willing to sell their shares for. What do we call the difference between the bid and the ask price? The spread. This is a place where trades are made. This is the at which an exchange closes and trading stops. Eastern time. After-hours trading continues until 8 p. This when traders buy and sell within a day. Day trading is a common trading strategy.

However, if someone day trades , they may also make long term investments as well a long-term portfolio. A proportion of the earnings of a company that is paid out to its shareholders, the people who own their stock. These dividends are paid out either quarterly four times per year or annually once per year. Not every company pays its shareholders dividends. For example, companies that offer penny stocks likely don't pay dividends. These are stocks in big, industry-leading firms.

Many traders are attracted to Blue chip stocks because of their reputation for paying stable dividend payments and demonstrating long-term sound fiscal management. Some believe that the expression 'blue-chip' derived from the blue chips used in casinos, which are the highest denomination of chips. If you're just starting out with Forex trading and are interested in stepping up your trading game, there's no better way than to so than with Admirals FREE online Forex trading course.

It's one of the best ways to learn because each lesson is carefully crafted and delivered by two leading industry experts. With all 9 lessons available online, you can easily fit your learning around your life. Learn to trade on your commute, in a cafe, or after work - its up to you! The next section of this Forex trading for beginners outline covers things to consider before making a trade.

Before you make a trade, you'll need to decide which kind of trade to make short or long , how much it will cost you and how big the spread is difference between ask and bid price. Knowing these factors will help you decide which trade to enter. Below we describe each of these aspects in detail. One of the things you should keep in mind when you want to learn Forex from scratch is that you can trade both long and short, but you have to be aware of the risks involved in dealing with a complex product.

Buying a currency with the expectation that its value will increase and make a profit on the difference between the purchase and sale price. Disclaimer: Charts for financial instruments in this article are for illustrative purposes and does not constitute trading advice or a solicitation to buy or sell any financial instrument provided by Admirals CFDs, ETFs, Shares. Past performance is not necessarily an indication of future performance.

You sell a currency with the expectation that its value will decrease and you can buy back at a lower value, benefiting from the difference. The price at which the currency pair trades is based on the current exchange rate of the currencies in the pair, or the amount of the second currency that you would get in exchange for a unit of the first currency for example, if you could exchange 1 EUR for 1.

If the way brokers make a profit is by collecting the difference between the buy and sell prices of the currency pairs the spread , the next logical question is: How much can a particular currency be expected to move? This depends on what the liquidity of the currency is like or how much is bought and sold at the same time.

The most liquid currency pairs are those with the highest supply and demand in the Forex market. It is the banks, companies, importers, exporters and traders that generate this supply and demand. The main Forex pairs tend to be the most liquid. However, there are also many opportunities between minor and exotic currencies, especially if you have some specialised knowledge about a certain currency. No Forex trading for beginners article would be complete without discussing charts.

When viewing the exchange rate in live Forex charts, there are three different options available to traders using the MetaTrader platform: line charts, bar charts or candlestick charts. In the toolbar at the top of your screen, you will now be able to see the box below:.

A line chart connects the closing prices of the time frame you are viewing. So, when viewing a daily chart the line connects the closing price of each trading day. This is the most basic type of chart used by traders. It is mainly used to identify bigger picture trends but does not offer much else unlike some of the other chart types. An OHLC bar chart shows a bar for each time period the trader is viewing.

So, when looking at a daily chart, each vertical bar represents one day's worth of trading. The bar chart is unique as it offers much more than the line chart such as the open, high, low and close OHLC values of the bar. The dash on the left represents the opening price and the dash on the right represents the closing price. The high of the bar is the highest price the market traded during the time period selected. The low of the bar is the lowest price the market traded during the time period selected.

In either case, the OHLC bar charts help traders identify who is in control of the market - buyers or sellers. These bars form the basis of the next chart type called candlestick charts which is the most popular type of Forex charting. Candlestick charts were first used by Japanese rice traders in the 18th century. They are similar to OHLC bars in the fact they also give the open, high, low and close values of a specific time period. However, candlestick charts have a box between the open and close price values.

This is also known as the 'body' of the candlestick. Many traders find candlestick charts the most visually appealing when viewing live Forex charts. They are also very popular as they provide a variety of price action patterns used by traders all over the world.

Nothing will prepare you better than demo trading - a risk-free mode of real-time trading to get a better feel for the market. It is highly recommended that you dive into demo trading first and only then enter live trading. The results will speak for themselves. Now that you know how to start trading in Forex, the next step in this Forex trading for beginners guide is to choose one of the best Forex trading systems for beginners.

Fortunately, banks, corporations, investors, and speculators have been trading in the markets for decades, meaning that there is already a wide range of types of Forex trading strategies to choose from. You may not remember them all after your first read, so this is a good section to add to your Forex trading notes.

These systems include:. To compare all of these strategies we suggest reading our article "A Comparison Scalping vs Day trading vs Swing trading". Let's look at some of the best Forex trading platforms for beginners. In addition to choosing a broker, you should also study the currency trading software and platforms they offer. The trading platform is the central element of your trading and your main work tool, making this section an integral part of your Forex trading notes.

When evaluating a trading platform, especially if we are talking about trading for beginners, make sure that it includes the following elements:. Do you trust your trading platform to offer you the results you expect? Being able to trust the accuracy of the quoted prices, the speed of data transfer and the fast execution of orders is essential to be able to trade Forex successfully.

Even more so, if you plan to use very short-term strategies, such as scalping. The information must be available in real-time and the platform must be available at all times when the Forex market is open. This ensures that you can take advantage of any opportunity that presents itself.

Will your funds and personal information be protected? A reputable Forex broker and a good Forex trading platform will take steps to ensure the security of your information, along with the ability to back up all key account information. It will also segregate your funds from its own funds.

If a broker cannot demonstrate the steps they will take to protect your account balance, it is better to find another broker. Any Forex trading platform should allow you to manage your trades and your account independently, without having to ask your broker to take action on your behalf. This ensures that you can act as soon as the market moves, capitalise on opportunities as they arise and control any open position.

Does the platform provide embedded analysis, or does it offer the tools for independent fundamental or technical analysis? Many Forex traders trade using technical indicators and can trade much more effectively if they can access this information within the trading platform, rather than having to leave the platform to find it.

This should include charts that are updated in real-time and access to up-to-date market data and news. One of the benefits of Forex trading is the ability to open a position and set an automatic stop loss and profit level at which the trade will be closed. This is a key concept for those learning Forex trading for beginners. The most sophisticated platforms should have the functionality to carry out trading strategies on your behalf, once you have defined the parameters for these strategies.

At Admirals, the platforms are MetaTrader 4 and MetaTrader 5 , which are the easiest to use multi-asset trading platforms in the world. They are two of the best platforms that offer the best online trading for beginners. These are fast, responsive platforms that provide real-time market data. Furthermore, these platforms offer automated trading options and advanced charting capabilities and are highly secure, which helps novice Forex traders. Gain access to real-time market data, technical analysis, insight from professional trading experts, and thousands of trading instruments to trade and invest with.

Start your trading journey the right way. Click the banner below to get started:. There are different types of risks that you should be aware of as a Forex trader. Keep the following risks in your Forex trading notes for beginners :. Below is an explanation of three Forex trading strategies for beginners :. This long-term strategy uses breaks as trading signals. Markets sometimes swing between support and resistance bands.

This is known as consolidation. A breakout is when the market moves beyond the limits of its consolidation, to new highs or lows. When a new trend occurs, a breakout must occur first. Therefore, breaks are considered as possible signs that a new trend has started. But the problem is that not all breakouts result in new trends. Using a stop loss can prevent you from losing money.

Another Forex strategy uses the simple moving average SMA. Bear in mind that this type of strategy nowadays is being executed by hedge funds and investment banks with access to super computers and technology beyond our knowledge, so most retail traders attempting to scalp the forex markets end up bleeding money non stop. In simple words the forex economic calendar is just a calendar displaying significant economical events that occur worldwide.

S which affects the U. Usually they look like this:. All you need to do is pay attention to the country in question of the event, the event value, previous value and the new value that comes out. Forecasts usually miss it horribly so never rely on them.

On the next event just stay looking at the chart of the asset involved in your event and watch it fluctuate live in front of you. This report has an extremely strong impact in the U. The whole point of the report is to show how many jobs where added to the payroll or not each month. Now that we have a good basic understanding on how all of this stuff works we need to talk about what moves the prices. Here are the top drivers:. There are also major events for example war between two countries, this could result in huge shifts in supply and demand for certain assets, currencies and all of these become trading opportunities.

If a huge bank wants to push prices of currency up, they will find a way to do so, so we must stay alert for strange unexpected movements and weird patterns that make no sense, they can be the result of market manipulation. Forex trading consists of exchanging currencies and measuring them against each other. It's the largest and most liquid market in the world, also, it's available nearly every day. Regardless if we knew it or not, we're all part of it as currency transactions are taking place every second behind the scenes.

Forex trading gives you a good insight on how a country's economy is performing, strong currencies are associated with healthy economies and weak currencies with underperforming ones. If the president of the U. Even just a few words from the president can send a currency falling from the sky or skyrocketing as ultimately those words will become monetary policy, tax laws and traders and investors are just waiting on how to respond to them.

There is no such thing as a best forex trading platform. In reality what matters is the quality of the broker itself. All platforms are almost the same, maybe some more good looking than others, but overall they perform the same function. Though we acknowledge that some platforms can definitely give you an edge once you're a professional by making your trading experience more comfortable, what we're trying to say is that it doesn't matters that much to think of it as the reason that you'll be successful in trading.

We know quite a lot of bad traders using pro trading platforms. There is a long life discussion about how to approach Forex trading, some people are cheering for fundamental analysis and others for technical analysis. Fundamental Analysis is all about determining the intrinsic value of something regardless of the market price, in simple words it means figuring out if something is really worth its price or not.

Technical Analysis is all about using past price data to figure out from that behaviour what could happen on the future. Have you noticed the common word? The main problem is that people try to trade forex without studying a lot first and that results in sure losses. The most important thing to learn when entering the trading arena is risk management, so we heavily recommend that you invest always as much as possible in educating yourself from reliable sources before trying to invest large amounts of money.

Simplified Financial Newsletter. Stay up-to-date with our trading guides, articles and broker reviews! If you want to be a part of this war and help us, find out in which ways you can support us. Any information or advice contained on this website is general in nature only and does not constitute personal or investment advice.

We will not accept liability for any loss or damage, including without limitation to, any loss of profit, which may arise directly or indirectly from the use of or reliance on such information. You should seek independent financial advice prior to acquiring a financial product.

All securities and financial products or instruments transactions involve risks. Please remember that past performance results are not necessarily indicative of future results. The information on this site may be accessed worldwide however it is not directed at residents in any country or jurisdiction where such distribution or use would be contrary to local law or regulation. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage.

You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Advertiser Disclosure: when you click in some of the links in our website we may receive compensation from our partners or advertisers at no additional cost to our visitors. By using TheTradingBible. Select Language. Start Trading. Trading Guides. What is Forex Trading? Here's what we'll talk about during our guide: What is the Forex Market?

How does Forex trading Work? Which are the Forex Market hours? What does Spread means in Forex? What is Scalping in Forex? How does the Forex Economic Calendar usually looks? What is the NFP in Forex? What Moves Forex Prices?

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Whether we are talking about forex trading for beginners in the UK or share trading for beginners, many of the basic principles overlap. In this article, we're going to focus on Forex trading. However, some of the same strategies, terms and general concepts also apply to share trading. By the end of it, you'll know all the most essential terms used in Forex trading so you won't be confused at any point while you learn to trade. You'll learn all the basics, including which platform you use, how to execute a trade, 10 Forex trading tips for beginners who want to earn , strategies, and more.

Before we begin this Forex trading for beginners guide and learn how to trade Forex, we will quickly answer the question, 'What is Forex trading? The next question that comes to everyone's mind is: how to learn Forex from scratch? Can I teach myself to trade Forex? Don't worry, this Forex trading for beginners guide is our definitive manual for all aspects of Forex and general trading. By the end, you'll understand the basics of trading Forex and how to begin. Here's where your Forex trading notes for beginners can begin.

I'm going to start this trading for beginners guide in the UK by presenting some of the most common terms you'll come across in trading that you'll need to know. This form of Forex trading involves buying and selling the real currency. For example, you can buy a certain amount of pound sterling and exchange it for euros, and then once the value of the pound increases, you can exchange your euros for pounds again, receiving more money compared to what you originally spent on the purchase.

It is a contract used to represent the movement in the prices of financial instruments. In Forex terms, this means that instead of buying and selling large amounts of currency, you can take advantage of price movements without having to own the asset itself.

Along with Forex, CFDs are also available in stocks, indices, bonds, commodities, and cryptocurrencies. In all cases, they allow you to trade in the price movements of these instruments without having to buy them. A pip is the base unit in the price of the currency pair or 0. The spread is the difference between the purchase price and the sale price of a currency pair.

For the most popular currency pairs, the spread is often low, sometimes even less than a pip! For pairs that don't trade as often, the spread tends to be much higher. Before a Forex trade becomes profitable, the value of the currency pair must exceed the spread. Margin is the money that is retained in the trading account when opening a trade. However, because the average "Retail Forex Trader" lacks the necessary margin to trade at a volume high enough to make a good profit, many Forex brokers offer their clients access to leverage.

This concept is a must for beginner Forex traders. The leverage is the capital provided by a Forex broker to increase the volume of trades its customers can make. Therefore, leverage should be used with caution, regardless of whether we are talking bout trading for beginners or experts. If your account balance falls below zero euros, you can request the negative balance policy offered by your broker. ESMA regulated brokers offer this protection. Using this protection will mean that your balance cannot move below zero euros, so you will not be indebted to the broker.

This is a term used to describe the stock market when it is moving in a downwards trend. In other words, when the prices of stocks are falling. If a stock price falls deep and fast, it's considered very bearish. The opposite of a bear market is a bull market. When the stock market is experiencing a period of rising stock prices, we call it a Bear Market.

An individual stock, as well as a sector, can also be called bullish or bearish. A metric indicating the relationship between a stock's price relative to the whole market's movement. If a stock has a beta measuring 1. A broker is a person or company that helps facilitate your buying and selling of an instrument through their platform in the case of an online broker. They usually charge a commission. The bid is the price traders are willing to pay per share.

It is set against the ask price, which is the price sellers are willing to sell their shares for. What do we call the difference between the bid and the ask price? The spread. This is a place where trades are made. This is the at which an exchange closes and trading stops. Eastern time. After-hours trading continues until 8 p. This when traders buy and sell within a day.

Day trading is a common trading strategy. However, if someone day trades , they may also make long term investments as well a long-term portfolio. A proportion of the earnings of a company that is paid out to its shareholders, the people who own their stock. These dividends are paid out either quarterly four times per year or annually once per year. Not every company pays its shareholders dividends. For example, companies that offer penny stocks likely don't pay dividends.

These are stocks in big, industry-leading firms. Many traders are attracted to Blue chip stocks because of their reputation for paying stable dividend payments and demonstrating long-term sound fiscal management. Some believe that the expression 'blue-chip' derived from the blue chips used in casinos, which are the highest denomination of chips. If you're just starting out with Forex trading and are interested in stepping up your trading game, there's no better way than to so than with Admirals FREE online Forex trading course.

It's one of the best ways to learn because each lesson is carefully crafted and delivered by two leading industry experts. With all 9 lessons available online, you can easily fit your learning around your life. Learn to trade on your commute, in a cafe, or after work - its up to you!

The next section of this Forex trading for beginners outline covers things to consider before making a trade. Before you make a trade, you'll need to decide which kind of trade to make short or long , how much it will cost you and how big the spread is difference between ask and bid price. Knowing these factors will help you decide which trade to enter. Below we describe each of these aspects in detail.

One of the things you should keep in mind when you want to learn Forex from scratch is that you can trade both long and short, but you have to be aware of the risks involved in dealing with a complex product. Buying a currency with the expectation that its value will increase and make a profit on the difference between the purchase and sale price.

Disclaimer: Charts for financial instruments in this article are for illustrative purposes and does not constitute trading advice or a solicitation to buy or sell any financial instrument provided by Admirals CFDs, ETFs, Shares. Past performance is not necessarily an indication of future performance. You sell a currency with the expectation that its value will decrease and you can buy back at a lower value, benefiting from the difference.

The price at which the currency pair trades is based on the current exchange rate of the currencies in the pair, or the amount of the second currency that you would get in exchange for a unit of the first currency for example, if you could exchange 1 EUR for 1. If the way brokers make a profit is by collecting the difference between the buy and sell prices of the currency pairs the spread , the next logical question is: How much can a particular currency be expected to move?

This depends on what the liquidity of the currency is like or how much is bought and sold at the same time. The most liquid currency pairs are those with the highest supply and demand in the Forex market. It is the banks, companies, importers, exporters and traders that generate this supply and demand.

The main Forex pairs tend to be the most liquid. However, there are also many opportunities between minor and exotic currencies, especially if you have some specialised knowledge about a certain currency. No Forex trading for beginners article would be complete without discussing charts. When viewing the exchange rate in live Forex charts, there are three different options available to traders using the MetaTrader platform: line charts, bar charts or candlestick charts.

In the toolbar at the top of your screen, you will now be able to see the box below:. A line chart connects the closing prices of the time frame you are viewing. So, when viewing a daily chart the line connects the closing price of each trading day. This is the most basic type of chart used by traders. It is mainly used to identify bigger picture trends but does not offer much else unlike some of the other chart types.

An OHLC bar chart shows a bar for each time period the trader is viewing. So, when looking at a daily chart, each vertical bar represents one day's worth of trading. The bar chart is unique as it offers much more than the line chart such as the open, high, low and close OHLC values of the bar. The dash on the left represents the opening price and the dash on the right represents the closing price.

The high of the bar is the highest price the market traded during the time period selected. The low of the bar is the lowest price the market traded during the time period selected. In either case, the OHLC bar charts help traders identify who is in control of the market - buyers or sellers.

These bars form the basis of the next chart type called candlestick charts which is the most popular type of Forex charting. Candlestick charts were first used by Japanese rice traders in the 18th century. They are similar to OHLC bars in the fact they also give the open, high, low and close values of a specific time period. However, candlestick charts have a box between the open and close price values.

This is also known as the 'body' of the candlestick. Many traders find candlestick charts the most visually appealing when viewing live Forex charts. They are also very popular as they provide a variety of price action patterns used by traders all over the world.

Nothing will prepare you better than demo trading - a risk-free mode of real-time trading to get a better feel for the market. It is highly recommended that you dive into demo trading first and only then enter live trading. The results will speak for themselves. Now that you know how to start trading in Forex, the next step in this Forex trading for beginners guide is to choose one of the best Forex trading systems for beginners. Fortunately, banks, corporations, investors, and speculators have been trading in the markets for decades, meaning that there is already a wide range of types of Forex trading strategies to choose from.

You may not remember them all after your first read, so this is a good section to add to your Forex trading notes. These systems include:. To compare all of these strategies we suggest reading our article "A Comparison Scalping vs Day trading vs Swing trading". Let's look at some of the best Forex trading platforms for beginners. In addition to choosing a broker, you should also study the currency trading software and platforms they offer.

The trading platform is the central element of your trading and your main work tool, making this section an integral part of your Forex trading notes. When evaluating a trading platform, especially if we are talking about trading for beginners, make sure that it includes the following elements:. Do you trust your trading platform to offer you the results you expect? Being able to trust the accuracy of the quoted prices, the speed of data transfer and the fast execution of orders is essential to be able to trade Forex successfully.

Even more so, if you plan to use very short-term strategies, such as scalping. The information must be available in real-time and the platform must be available at all times when the Forex market is open. The transaction is closed at the moment when the trader decides that the operations have reached maximum profitability. At this moment, by pressing the "Close" button, he completes the transaction, thereby fixing the profit on it.

The final result of the transaction is reflected on the trading platform, and the entire amount of profit goes to the merchant's deposit. Read more: How to read and use the Economic Calendar in tradingThe article contains only the basic concepts and principles of Forex trading, which, of course, are not enough for independent successful work. More detailed information about trading and various trading strategies can be obtained from training programs and detailed analysis of real transactions.

You can risk your own money only when the trader is firmly confident in the correctness of the decisions made in various situations. You can make sure of your own readiness by using training trading programs that allow you to simulate a process absolutely similar to the real one without the risk of losing money. May 22, IndexaCo. Who are traders and why do they earn so much. Acquaintance with the financial market begins with the identification of participants and the exact clarification of their functions.

The market assumes the presence of the main actors on it — traders. That is, a trader is a person who directly trades, the main market participant. This term can be applied to all types of markets. If we talk specifically about the financial market, then the trader here operates with assets, earning on their sale and purchase. Categories of tradersThe entire trading corps can be divided into two groups — professional traders and private traders amateurs.

Professionals are part of the staff of various funds, banks and other financial organizations. Accordingly, in the market they act on behalf of these organizations, making transactions with their assets. Simply put, these are certified financiers who go to auctions as if for work. The category of professionals also includes traders who work exclusively for themselves and operate with their own funds. Since they have no other profession, they can also be classified as professionals.

The most numerous category is private amateur traders. Trading is not their main profession, and in the financial market they are engaged exclusively in additional earnings. Such traders do not have a specialized education, and they have to study independently. The financial market is attractive for the possibility of good earnings. That is why the number of amateurs exploring the market is constantly growing. The contingent of amateur traders is very mobile: someone, having failed and disappointed, leaves the market, counting on easy earnings also do not stay for a long time, but new, active and ambitious traders are constantly arriving.

Trading in the financial marketIn order to make a deal on the financial market, a trader needs to give an order to a broker about the desire to sell or buy an asset. Of course, the result of such operations should be profit. In order for trading to be profitable, you need to deeply know the market processes and patterns of movement of the value of assets. Not everyone can boast of fundamental knowledge, so success does not accompany everyone.

But perseverance and hard work are usually rewarded. Forex is not easy for a beginner, but the financial market has never been easy. If a trader from our days could be transferred to the stock exchange a century ago, he would also hardly be able to work right away.

Firstly, he would be deprived of electronic devices and the Internet, from which you can draw the necessary information for trading, while maintaining contact with the broker. Secondly, he would be very limited in the possibilities of technical analysis. The theory of technical analysis itself did not exist at that time, and traders used separate provisions of Charles Dow, which were later systematized into a single theory.

Today, the trader has all the tools to make the right decision. Prices are presented in graphic images of more than a dozen types, clearly demonstrating current and future fluctuations. The latest developments in the markets are published by many media outlets, including such reputable ones as Bloomberg or Reuters.

Current currency quotes are transmitted online. The revolution in trading in financial markets has taken place in just a hundred years. Previously, a small circle of people had the opportunity to become a trader, but today the market is open to almost everyone. Read more: Five stages of becoming a traderFinancial market trading instrumentsFinancial market traders use technical and fundamental types of forecasting in their work.

The technical one is presented graphically, and the fundamental one is based on economic data. By tracking the information on the terminal, based on the learned patterns, the trader predicts future quotes. The terminal is the most important tool of a trader, which is a platform for communication with a broker and an analytical tool. Modern terminals provide information on prices, various indicators and graphical tools.

Modern trading is also impossible without automated trading systems, which are called robots or Expert Advisors in the professional slang of traders. Such systems trade autonomously according to the initial parameters. Such a parameter, for example, can be the volume of transactions.

There is a lot of talk about the feasibility of using robots, but, in any case, no machine can be more effective than a competent trader. Another serious tool can be considered an economic calendar with announcements of economic events: speeches by economists and heads of banks, politicians, publications on economic topics, etc. So, a modern trader trades on the Internet using Internet trading platforms. Before the appearance of platforms on the Forex market, only large financial organizations participated in trading — banks, funds, etc.

With the advent of the Internet, exchange trading has become accessible to ordinary users — knowledge and only a few hundred dollars are required. Trading strategyTraders have different views on the market situation — it is they who determine the trading strategy. One of the important characteristics of the strategy is the duration of transactions. According to this characteristic , several types of investors can be distinguished:long-term, making long-term transactions for several years.

The analysis is based on global characteristics and indicators;short-term, making several trading transactions during the year;positional, working on a long-term strategy. Transactions last for several days with profit taking during periods of reduced activity holidays, vacations, etc. As a rule, such traders have a small trading capital, and trading positions are realized quickly;a scalper who makes trades in a very short period from a few seconds to 10 minutes. With a large number of operations, profitability is not ensured for every transaction.

Traders working on this strategy are forced to constantly stay at the monitor and monitor suitable transactions. Read more: The main components of a Trading StrategyWhat does a currency player doFirstly, he trades various currencies. The principle of successful trading is simple — it is cheaper to buy and more expensive to sell. The trader operates with currency pairs consisting of two currencies.

When buying such a pair, a trader buys euros for US dollars. The main advantage of the Forex market for traders is its liquidity. There is a constant supply and demand in Forex, and trading is conducted without interruptions five days a week. The choice of currency pairs for trading is wide: you can trade "majors" the so-called pairs that are traded through the dollar or "crosses" without using the dollar.

A trader should be ready to trade not only theoretically. No less important is the right psychological attitude, which is often ignored by beginners. Having familiarized themselves with a couple of strategies, they rush headlong into trading, risking losing all their money and forgetting about the two main enemies of the trader — fear and greed.

Greed often kills capital, and fear does not allow it to increase. Many newcomers seek to get rich instantly by opening deals and not thinking about money management. Most often, such traders simply lose all their money. Mistakes appear, and money goes away. Risk management is very important for a trader.

When opening a trade, a trader must accurately imagine the possible volume of not only profits, but also losses. Minimizing risks is the main task that a trader should be able to solve. Read more: How to become a trader from scratchFrom amateurs to professionalsA successful amateur of stock trading can become a professional.

Professional trading has clear advantages: the trader now works only for himself, he does not need to go to work in the office, he plans his own working hours. But the main thing now is that the trader is the owner of his own capital, and only his well—being depends on his work. A professional stock market player lives by certain interests - news related to stock markets, currencies, economics, stock statistics, commodity prices. Plunging into this atmosphere, after a while the trader begins to understand this, makes decisions based on independent analysis.

For a professional, there is no limit to the accumulation of information and knowledge. He is constantly improving — only this is the key to his success in the profession. Who are ECN Forex brokers. Their advantages and disadvantages. ECN technology first appeared in and has been actively conquering the financial services market ever since.

But let's figure out how this transaction execution system differs from others, what advantages and disadvantages it has, and whether all traders really need to choose ECN accounts for Forex trading. What is the difference between an ECN broker? First of all, it is worth clarifying that ECN is not some special category of brokerage companies. And in order to understand how this system differs from others, we suggest considering the most common systems on the market.

DD brokersThere are two sides to trading in any market: the seller and the buyer. A broker, as a rule, is an intermediary, a way to enter the market and make transactions with the seller directly. If we talk about Forex trading, the broker must provide direct access to liquidity providers.

But this is not about dealing centers. DD Dealing Desk brokers are counterparties that set their own quotes, above or below the market, and also offer a fixed spread. Such brokers are also called market makers, that is, companies that "make the market". The advantage of such a broker is the low size of the minimum deposit, the disadvantage is the lack of direct contact with liquidity providers and freezing of orders. This order execution system in translation means "without the participation of a broker", that is, the broker does not interfere in the trading process and cannot influence quotes, the size of spreads and other factors.

The NDD broker provides clients with access to the interbank market, that is, traders trade directly with liquidity providers. The task of an NDD broker is to bring transactions to the market, and the company's earnings are based on the commission that traders pay for placing transactions.

STP brokersThis type of broker belongs to the NDD system: the company does not participate in transactions, does not affect the size of quotations and does not set its own rules. The STP broker trades using a computer system. The system transfers orders to the interbank market, that is, transactions are carried out without the intervention of a broker, and customers receive direct access to liquidity providers.

The broker does not interfere in the trading process in the same way, traders get access to market quotes, and transactions are brought to the interbank level. However, unlike STP, which uses a fully automated program to withdraw transactions, ECN broker cooperates with a network of international banks and other liquidity providers directly, and its trading platform is linked to them. This allows you to ensure the highest possible speed of execution of orders and also guarantees their accuracy.

Read more: The history of the origin of the Forex marketWhat is an ECN accountActually, some brokers offer ECN accounts to clients, which allow them to take advantage of all the advantages of ECN order execution, namely, direct access to liquidity providers and fast execution of transactions. This means that the ECN system will be available only on this account, and on others, a different way of executing transactions is used.

Also, beginners should take into account that ECN accounts often have a higher minimum deposit level. Therefore, brokers who offer an ECN system and at the same time set a low deposit need to be carefully checked.

It is enough just to find a company that offers ECN accounts. But not everything is so simple. In order for cooperation with a broker to be reliable and long-term, and work to be comfortable, when choosing a company, you should pay attention to the following criteria:Trading platformThe most common Forex trading terminals are MetaTrader 4 and MetaTrader 5.

However, some brokers create their own platforms that differ in both interface and functionality. Therefore, when choosing an ECN broker, professionals are advised to proceed from personal preferences and take into account whether the necessary instruments are available in their own broker platforms. Novice traders are recommended to choose brokers with MT4 and MT5 platforms.

It's not just that their functionality is enough for both beginners and professionals. There are a lot of video and text materials on how to work on these terminals, while brokers' own platforms often remain without "instructions".

InstrumentsTo trade with an ECN broker, it is advisable to choose instruments with sufficiently high volatility. They give traders the opportunity to earn higher earnings, provided that they use the ECN system. Instruments with high volatility include currency pairs Forex , cryptocurrencies, CFDs and commodity futures.

It is not necessary to use all these instruments, but it is desirable that the broker provides them. Only a trader can determine which leverage to choose based on his trading skills. Beginners are recommended to set leverage of , professional traders choose higher leverage, up to In any case, it is worth remembering that leverage multiplies the amount of profit, but the higher it is, the greater the losses will be in case of an unsuccessful transaction.

Minimum transaction volumeIt is impossible to trade micro lots 0. RegulationThis point is relevant regardless of which broker the trader wants to cooperate with: stock, Forex or any other. When choosing a company, you should definitely pay attention to regulations. If a broker is under the supervision of one or more regulatory authorities and has a license to provide financial services, then you can safely cooperate with him.

Regulators ensure that the broker fulfils its obligations to the client, and a license is issued only if the broker meets international or local requirements. Checking the regulation, the trader initially weeds out all the "kitchens" — the companies of scammers. It is worth paying attention to the year of the company's opening and the site: "kitchens" do not bother with the interface, make the site simple and little informative, and they exist for no more than a year. Therefore, preference should be given to brokers who have been on the market for a long time.

Liquidity providersAn important factor that will allow you to distinguish a real ECN broker from a Forex kitchen. When choosing a company for trading, it is necessary to check which liquidity providers it cooperates with.

Reliable brokers, as a rule, cooperate with global suppliers. If information about suppliers is not available on the site, and the support service responds with the message "this is confidential information", then most likely this broker has nothing to do with the ECN system. Read more: What is margin trading: pros, cons and risksSoftwareThe success of trading depends on the quality and speed of the software, or rather, the correct execution of orders.

Therefore, a trader, regardless of the type of trading strategy, should pay attention to the operation of the terminal. It is important that the program does not hang, does not crash, and does not give an error or requotes. This is especially important when choosing an ECN broker, because the ECN system is characterized by instant execution of transactions, and software problems only hinder this.

Minimum depositIt's worth starting with the fact that brokers with ECN accounts initially set a higher minimum deposit level. It is a rare case when the price of opening an ECN account is available to all users. The high threshold of the minimum deposit is one of the main reasons why it is not recommended to open such accounts for novice traders: a beginner will easily lose the entire deposit and will be left with nothing since he has no experience in trading.

Therefore, if you are a novice trader, think carefully about whether you really need an ECN Forex Broker. If yes, then choose companies in which the minimum deposit is relatively low, since the risk of losing all capital is quite high. These criteria are basic, both experienced traders and beginners can use such a checklist when choosing an ECN broker. To make it easier for traders to navigate, we have collected ECN brokers in the rating, where the minimum deposit amount and regulatory authorities of each of the companies are indicated.

Professionals should start from individual needs and wishes. When should I open an ECN account? There is no doubt about the popularity of ECN brokers: they are preferred by thousands of traders from all over the world. But let's see if such companies can really be called universal, or if there are cases when it is unprofitable to open an ECN account. First of all, an ECN broker makes it possible to trade with liquidity providers directly.

The trader does not depend on the broker, on quotes within the company or on other nuances. The broker is simply an intermediary. This means that the trader will get access to real market data. And this condition is beneficial to all traders. At the same time, ECN brokers offer a floating spread.

This condition makes trading more difficult and unpredictable because a novice trader will not be able to assess the market situation and understand when it is better to open a deal so that the commission is lower. Also, this condition is not suitable for clients who are actively investing with conservative risks, because it will not be possible to calculate the exact amount of the commission, its size is constantly changing.

Read more: I got a margin call: we explain what it is and how to avoid itDo not forget about the high-speed execution of transactions. This condition seems attractive, but in fact, it is not suitable for all traders. High speed is an important criterion when it comes to scalping. Traders with such a strategy really need to cooperate with ECN brokers, because the profitability of their work depends on the accuracy of order execution.

Novice traders simply will not be able to take advantage of ECN technology. It is necessary to take into account the instruments with which the trader works. When trading cryptocurrencies, currency pairs and other assets with high volatility, the speed of transaction execution matters. But if a trader chooses to trade instruments with medium or low volatility, then the speed of work does not play such an important role, because the price of an asset simply will not have time to change in one or two seconds.

So, if the speed of execution of transactions is important to a trader and he works with highly volatile instruments, then it is definitely worth opening an ECN account. In other cases, it is necessary to build on the trading strategy and the client's requirements for trading conditions. Is an ECN account suitable for beginners?

Novice traders and investors, when choosing the first broker, often pay attention to absolutely all criteria in order to eventually choose the best of the best. This strategy can be understood because most traders want to choose a company for long-term cooperation, but there are criteria that are not so important for beginners.

These include the availability of ECN technology. This system really has a number of advantages over dealing centers, and many novice traders are captivated by it. But it cannot be said that the presence of ECN accounts is a mandatory criterion and when choosing the first company for trading, you should pay attention only to ECN brokers. An analogy with cars would be appropriate here: to learn how to drive, it is not necessary to buy a Lexus or a sports car. Yes, they will surpass some Opel in terms of characteristics, but their functionality is redundant for a novice driver.

To get basic driving skills, it's enough to start with driving an Opel. Exactly the same principle works with ECN accounts: a novice trader can open them, but it is not necessary to do it at the very beginning when there is no experience in trading yet. After all, a beginner, having gained experience, can always change the type of account or broker. Read more: Who are Market Makers and what are they doing on the market? Advantages of ECN technologyECN brokers appeared not so long ago, in , but over these 20 years, they have become popular both among professional market participants and among those who are just taking the first steps in trading.

We can talk about the advantages of ECN brokers for a long time, but we suggest first highlighting three main advantages:Fast execution of transactions. No requotes. Low spreads. Often these three factors are enough for a trader to pay attention to companies with ECN technology when choosing a broker. However, these are not the only reasons why it is worth choosing ECN brokers to work in the Forex market.

It is equally important to understand how the broker earns. For example, the main difference between ECN companies is that their earnings consist exclusively of spreads - the commission that the trader pays for the execution of the transaction. That is, the broker is not interested in clients "draining" their deposit. Also, ECN brokers do not participate in transactions.

The company does not influence the trading process, does not set its own quotation indicators that would be beneficial to it, etc. There is no human factor in ECN technology, so customers get access to real market conditions, and the trader's transaction gets to the counterparty who currently has the most favorable quotes.

As we have already said, ECN brokers cooperate with the world's largest liquidity providers, therefore, the level of liquidity of instruments in such companies is very high. There is no option that a trader will buy an asset, and after a while will not be able to sell it. In addition, ECN companies, as a rule, provide services at the international level and assume a large trade turnover, so you can trade with them at any time of the day. Another advantage of ECN brokers as intermediaries between the market and the trader is the absence of restrictions.

What does it mean? The ECN company is not involved in the trading process, and traders' trading strategies are not displayed in any way on the broker's earnings, so cooperation with the ECN company assumes that a trader can use any trading strategy, as well as a variety of instruments. ECN brokers often allow the use of Expert Advisors and other software to automate the workflow in trading. Separately, we need to talk about the high speed of execution of transactions.

This factor becomes key if a trader is looking for a broker for scalping. And ECN brokers in this case become unequivocal favorites, because the trader, in addition to being able to use a scalping strategy, gets the highest possible transaction processing speed and access to instruments with good liquidity indicators.

Read more: Features of intraday trading on the Forex marketDisadvantages of ECN technologyWhen choosing a broker, it is important not only to pay attention to its advantages but also to know exactly what disadvantages it has. ECN accounts are no exception, because, despite many positive aspects, they also have a number of disadvantages. These include:A high level of minimum depositECN brokers are often chosen by those traders who already have extensive experience in trading and who have built a trading strategy.

They understand that ECN technology provides many advantages, and are willing to pay for them. Moreover, ECN brokers do not set the most affordable minimum deposit for traders. Difficulties in tradingIt is not so easy to make transactions using ECN technology. In order to trade and make a profit, a trader needs to understand the principles of ECN, as well as navigate the market, be able to respond to trends and sharp price changes, take into account the news release and analyze the market situation as a whole.

Technical analysis instruments can help with this, but they will not replace your own trading experience. Therefore, novice traders are advised to choose the demo version of an ECN account in order to gain experience and not risk their money, and only then proceed to real trading. Read more: ECN Forex account: what is it? CommissionYes, ECN brokers earn income from spreads, but they can also include a separate, fixed commission per lot in the price list.

At the same time, spreads are floating, their size depends on the market, and it is impossible to calculate exactly how much you need to pay the broker for the execution of the transaction. At the same time, it is definitely impossible to say that a floating spread is a disadvantage.

Professional traders know how to use this factor for their own good and reduce the size of commissions, but it will be quite difficult for a beginner to deal with it. After all, spreads can both narrow and expand in certain market conditions. Whether to open an ECN account or not is not a rhetorical question at all. To understand if there is a need for it, it is enough to define your trading strategy and understand what conditions are important to you in order to achieve maximum efficiency in working on the Forex market.

May 18, IndexaCo. Practical advices on choosing a Forex broker for a beginner. The first task that every novice trader faces is choosing a broker. There are many companies on the market, but not every one of them is suitable to start your way in trading. Brokers that are suitable for beginners can be determined by a number of criteria. We propose to analyze each of these criteria in order to learn once and for all how a novice trader can choose the first broker to trade on Forex.

Broker selection criteria for novice tradersA novice trader should pay attention to the following criteria when choosing his first broker:reliability;deposit;types of accounts;instruments;methods of depositing and withdrawing funds;commissions;leverage;bonuses;training;support service.

Having correctly evaluated each of these criteria, any novice trader will be able to easily choose a broker. Read more: Forex risk hedging: why is it necessary? Reliability of a Forex brokerThis factor is equally important for both beginners and professionals. Choosing a broker, first of all it is worth checking whether you can trust him. It is not difficult to do this - reliable companies have a license to provide services, they are registered and regulated by special authorities.

The license can be either local issued on the territory of a particular country or international. To determine the country in which the broker is registered, it is enough to check the address of the main office: as a rule, it is in this country that the company is registered. As for regulatory bodies, the more of them, the better for the trader. You can check the availability of a license, the registration address and the presence of regulatory authorities in the "About the company" section.

Pay attention to the dates indicated in the last line: in most cases, you can use them to determine how long the broker has been providing services. The exception is brokers who have rebranded and changed the site address, but they are rare.

The longer the company exists, the more reliable it is. This information will help a novice trader distinguish time-tested companies from one-day scam brokers who receive money from clients, and then suddenly close, leaving the would-be trader with nothing. Talking about the safety of the client's capital. In order to avoid worrying about this, we recommend choosing companies with segregated accounts.

What is a segregated account? This is an account registered with a bank or other financial institution in the name of a client to which the brokerage company does not have access. Thus, the trader can be sure that all his money will remain frozen and the broker will not use it for personal purposes. So, to choose a reliable broker, a beginner should focus on the following factors:Availability of registration and license.

Which authorities regulate the broker's activities. The term of the broker's work. Does the company offer segregated accounts. If you cannot find the information you need on the broker's website, we recommend contacting the support service and requesting the data you need before opening a real trading account in the company.

Broker's minimum deposit amountThe first thing that novice traders focus on is the size of the minimum deposit. In other words, this is the minimum amount by which a trader can top up his account to start trading. The lower it is, the more accessible the broker is. By the level of the minimum deposit set in the company, it is easy to determine whether the broker is suitable for novice traders.

And this is logical - Forex trading involves risks, and the broker does not guarantee that the trader will earn and be able to "recapture" the invested funds. It is for this reason that Forex brokers for beginners set a low deposit level. Each broker sets the minimum deposit amount independently.

Read more: How much can you really earn on the Forex marketTypes of Forex trading accountsBeginners turn to this criteria much less often, and in vain: after all, trading conditions, in particular, the number of available instruments, services and free functions, may depend on the type of account. However, it is not necessary for beginners to check the trading conditions for each of the accounts offered by the broker.

At the beginning of the trading path, it is worth paying attention to two types of accounts:demo account;cent account. A demo account is a virtual account. With its help, novice traders can get their first experience in trading without risking their own money. It is worth noting that it will not be possible to make money on this account, its task is to give the trader the opportunity to practice and see the results of his actions, whether it is a virtual profit or a virtual loss.

When the trader has gained his first experience on a demo account, you can move on to real trading. In this matter, the best broker for beginners is a broker who has cent accounts. Their difference from a regular account is that the amount on deposit is calculated in cents. Accordingly, it is possible to trade on a cent account using tiny amounts, however, the amount of profit will also be small. A cent account is also considered a training account, however, unlike a demo account, it allows you to trade in real market conditions and monitor the psychological reactions of a trader to receive a real loss and profit.

Forex trading instruments and assetsThere are enough brokers on the market that offer a huge selection of instruments, but there are also companies in which the assortment consists of only assets. Which broker is better for a beginner? Both the one and the other. The number of trading instruments is not a key criterion when choosing a company, but it is still worth paying attention to. The fact is that a novice trader needs not only to gain experience in trading but also to understand which instrument he likes to work with the most and to assemble his own "inventory".

And this can be done only if the broker offers a fairly wide range of assets. This does not mean that you should choose a broker that will offer more instruments. The question, first of all, is diversity - it is important that the company offers not only currency pairs but also, for example, stocks, indices and metals. We advise you to focus on these criteria when choosing a broker. When trading currency, a trader buys or sells the currency that is indicated in the first pair GBP while paying the second USD and earns on the price difference.

There are both standard currency pairs and exotic ones, which include non-common currencies. Cryptocurrency is an extremely popular instrument, the benchmark of which is Bitcoin. This is an electronic currency that is not tied to any country, and you can earn it in different ways. For example, buy and sell on the same day, or buy and wait for its price to rise in order to sell the cryptocurrency more expensive.

Metals - this group includes gold, silver, copper and other metals according to the standard. CFD is a more complex instrument. Its specificity is the ability to trade on the price difference. It works like this: a trader does not need to buy an asset to make money. CFD is a contract between a trader and the owner of an asset, in which a trader can make a profit if the asset price increases from the moment of purchase, or a loss if the asset price falls.

Indexes - this instrument includes several stocks, and its value is the average value of all its components. ETF is also called an exchange-traded fund. In order to earn income, a trader buys a part of a ready-made investment portfolio and receives an equal part of the income from it. Stocks - Traders can also trade stocks of various companies.

Such transactions are already carried out on the securities market, and not on Forex, and it is a little easier to predict their growth or fall. Options are the easiest instrument to understand, but they are not the most reliable. Options trading is based on bets: in order to make money, a trader needs to bet on whether the price of the instrument will fall or rise.

If the bet worked, the trader makes a profit, if not, a loss. Methods of depositing and withdrawing fundsAnother equally important factor that newcomers to the market need to take into account is the payment systems with which the broker cooperates. A wide choice of ways to deposit and withdraw earnings really allows you to avoid difficulties with transactions and choose the most convenient way. However, payment systems are not only about a comfortable service. Much more important is the speed of crediting funds.

Sometimes a trader needs to have more funds in his account to open a new deal that seems extremely profitable to him, and the only solution in such a situation will be the opportunity to make an instant deposit replenishment. And the transfer speed directly depends on the payment system. For example, transfers through banking systems can take from working days, depending on the bank, so this option should not be considered for instant transfer.

Cryptocurrency wallets also take time to process a payment, from 1 hour. But electronic payment systems allow you to top up your account in a short time. And the more electronic payment systems a broker offers, the more convenient it is for a trader. In particular, an instant transfer makes it possible to start trading immediately after opening a real account.

Forex broker's trading and non-trading commissionA novice trader should also pay attention to the commission when choosing a broker. It can be of two types: trading and non-trading. A trading commission is a fee that a broker charges for making a transaction.

It is also called a spread. The spread can be either fixed or floating. A fixed spread is a clearly defined amount that the broker charges, its advantage is the ability to calculate its commission costs. A floating spread is more suitable for professional traders since the amount of commission can either decrease significantly or increase, depending on the market situation. The non-trading commission is a fee for other actions of a trader, for example, account replenishment and withdrawal of funds, for lack of activity on the account, for account maintenance, use of the trading platform and delivery of quotes.

A non-trading commission is optional, a broker may not charge traders, but all brokers have a trading commission, and the only question is its size: the lower the commission, the more profitable it is for a novice trader to cooperate with the company. As a non-trading commission, it is taken into account whether the broker charges clients a fee for withdrawing earnings to their personal account. This commission may also be charged by the payment system, and not by the broker directly.

Keep this in mind when opening an account. Read more: Demo account with a Forex broker: is it worth using? LeverageWhen describing trading conditions, brokers specify such a parameter as the amount of leverage. What is it and does a novice trader need to take this criterion into account when choosing a company? Leverage is a function that helps traders increase the size of their deposits by using the broker's money.

How does it work? The use of leverage seems to be very profitable for beginners because with its help you can increase your profit, but not everything is so simple. Indeed, leverage can increase the income from the transaction, but it also increases the number of losses if the transaction turned out to be a failure.

Brokers set different maximum leverage values: from to and more. But this does not mean that a trader necessarily needs to use such a function. When opening an account and in its settings, the user can set the desired amount of leverage. Novice traders are recommended to set leverage of to avoid possible losses and practice trading at their own expense.